Fixing Czechs' Money Woes Helps Turn Tide on Pro-Moscow Protests




  • In Business
  • 2022-12-03 07:00:00Z
  • By Bloomberg

(Bloomberg) --

Most Read from Bloomberg

  • Musk's Neuralink Hopes to Implant Computer in Human Brain in Six Months

  • Goldman Jolts Traders With Bonus Warning After Bumper Haul

  • Musk Suspends Ye From Twitter After Offensive Image Post

  • Larry Summers Says Fed Will Need to Boost Rates More Than Markets Expect

  • Beverly Hills Cop Was California's Highest-Paid Municipal Worker

A country rocked by protests over Ukraine has discovered a way to counter pro-Moscow propaganda: Throw money at people's economic worries.

A cash injection amounting to $8.5 billion in the Czech Republic effectively defused some of the European Union's largest anti-government demonstrations. After 70,000 people thronged the streets of Prague at their peak in September, only several hundred attended a Nov. 26 rally.

The decision wasn't an easy one for Prime Minister Petr Fiala. His party won power in 2021 on a pledge to cut spending -- a longtime vote winner in a debt-averse nation -- and had for months rejected the idea of blanket relief programs.

But with January presidential elections approaching and his party's popularity sliding, his cabinet unleashed the stimulus worth about 3% of gross domestic product to shield people and companies from energy costs driven higher by Russia's attack on Ukraine.

"The government's measures to contain the energy crisis have eased economic anxiety and weakened the anti-establishment movement," said Josef Mlejnek, a political scientist at Charles University in Prague.

The protests' organizers, a mix of hardline nationalists, anti-vaxxers and other fringe politicians, had said the rallies were driven by anger over rising utility and grocery bills. But groups waving anti-EU banners and right-wing speakers from across Europe denouncing NATO underscored warnings from intelligence officials about the Kremlin's efforts to divide society.

The protesters had called for talks with Moscow to secure fresh supplies of cheaper natural gas. They also attacked the Czechs' support for some 400,000 Ukrainian refugees in the country, calling it a drain on public resources as the worst cost-of-living crisis in three decades unfolded.

Opinion polls show that the majority of Czechs support Ukraine. But the anti-government arguments resonated in the country of 10.5 million people, where officials frequently warn of a Greek-style debt crisis even though liabilities are among the lowest in the EU.

Fiala's administration had little choice. It softened its push for fiscal tightening but also tempered the hit to the budget by imposing a special tax on energy companies and banks, and seizing windfall revenue of electricity producers, which protesters had accused of profiting from the war.

Now the government expects a budget shortfall of around 4% of GDP next year.

"The hybrid war always exploits topics that are causing concerns in the society, that have immediate impact on peoples' lives," Marketa Pekarova Adamova, the speaker of the Czech parliament, said in an interview last month. "We can't say for sure that these efforts won't intensify as we move closer to the presidential election."

Western officials had warned about Russia's efforts to undermine support for Ukraine long before President Vladimir Putin's invasion.

Moscow has spent more than $300 million to influence politicians and elections across the world, including in Europe, the US State Department said in September.

The Czechs have been fighting against that influence for years. They expelled more than 80 Russian diplomats in 2021, accusing former Soviet-era master Russia of operating a spy hub at its large embassy in Prague. The NATO member also blamed Putin's agents for a deadly blast at a munitions warehouse.

Moscow rejected the accusation and retaliated by slashing the Czech diplomatic mission to skeleton staff and designated the country as an "unfriendly" state, alongside the US.

Czech police are investigating one of the protest leaders for alleged spreading of public fear with disinformation, the Idnes.cz website reported. Two other men were convicted of hate speech after posting anti-Ukrainian videos on YouTube.

The government is also preparing legislation that would give the state more powers to regulate website content it deems to be disinformation.

While Czech authorities haven't exposed financial links between Russia and the protest leaders, the Interior Ministry described the largest of the rallies as promoting "pro-Kremlin propagandist narratives."

Michal Koudelka, the head of the Czech counterespionage agency, said Russia remains "very active" in the Czech Republic in recent years. And one of its main objectives is to create social divisions to undermine efforts to punish Moscow for its actions.

"The one simple objective is to weaken the European governments that are supporting Ukraine," he told a conference last month.

Most Read from Bloomberg Businessweek

  • 11 Hours With Sam Bankman-Fried: Inside the Bahamian Penthouse After FTX's Fall

  • TikTok's Viral Challenges Keep Luring Young Kids to Their Deaths

  • Forget Zoom Calls, Remote Work Startups Want to Build a Virtual Office

  • Ryanair, EasyJet Scale Back in Germany Over Airport Fees

  • Can Duolingo Actually Teach You Spanish?

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

COMMENTS

More Related News

Russia
Russia's top prosecutor criticizes mass mobilisation, telling Putin to his face that more than 9,000 were illegally sent to fight in Ukraine
  • World
  • 2023-02-01 12:06:43Z

Igor Krasnov told Putin there were "more than 9,000 citizens who were illegally mobilized" when Russia sent conscripts into Ukraine late last year.

Russia in Africa: How disinformation operations target the continent
Russia in Africa: How disinformation operations target the continent
  • World
  • 2023-02-01 11:46:14Z

The man behind a new pro-Kremlin social media network tells the BBC he wants Africa to embrace Russia.

Russia says it wants to keep New START nuclear treaty, despite U.S. friction
Russia says it wants to keep New START nuclear treaty, despite U.S. friction
  • US
  • 2023-02-01 10:54:54Z

The United States on Tuesday accused Russia of violating the New START treaty by refusing to allow inspections on its territory. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry...

Putin
Putin's 'window of opportunity' on battlefield closing, says former NATO head Rasmussen
  • World
  • 2023-02-01 09:51:00Z

Russian dictator Vladimir Putin knows that the "window of opportunity" for Russian troops on the battlefield is closing, so he will exert maximum pressure...

India Plans $4.3 Billion Spending for Energy Transition
India Plans $4.3 Billion Spending for Energy Transition

(Bloomberg) -- India earmarked 350 billion rupees ($4.3 billion) to invest in the nation's energy security and green transition, in a step toward Prime...

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *

Cancel reply

Comments

Top News: Business